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The Big Bang - Evidence for a Creator?

Posted by Daryl van Benschoten on

What Is The Big Bang?

The Big Bang Theory is a lot more than the name of a popular TV show.  The theory is the leading explanation for how the universe began.  Much of what we understand about the Big Bang comes from mathematical theory and models. Through observation and analysis, astronomers determined that the universe is expanding and were able to see the "echo" or “afterglow” of the Big Bang and expansion through a phenomenon known as the cosmic microwave background (CMB).

Using very powerful telescopes, astronomers have also detected and studied light that originated billions of years ago when the universe was very young. They theorized that at one time (imagine watching a movie of the expanding universe - backwards), all the matter and energy in the universe was contained in an incredibly tiny point. Albert Einstein’s theory of General relativity suggests that just before the big bang, a point with zero volume and infinite density contained all the matter of the universe. This phenomenon is called a singularity. Then, as a result of a huge burst of energy, the universe expanded suddenly.

All the matter and energy in the universe exploded outward at millions of light years every fraction of a second (one light year is the distance light travels in a year, which in miles is 5.879e+12 or nearly 6 trillion miles - so millions of light years every fraction of a second equals A RIDICULOUSLY HIGH RATE of expansion - faster than the speed of light!). In the first second after the universe began, the surrounding temperature was about 10 billion degrees Fahrenheit (5.5 billion Celsius), according to NASA. The cosmos contained a vast array of fundamental particles such as neutrons, electrons and protons, which became the building blocks for the universe.

Sir Fred Hoyle coined the expression, “Big Bang” in the 1950s as an attempt to ridicule the up-and-coming challenger to his “steady state” hypothesis. He objected to any theory that would place the origin, or Cause, of the universe outside the universe itself, hence, to his thinking, outside the realm of scientific inquiry.

As physicist, astronomer and atheist-turned Christian, Dr. Hugh Ross explains, the big bang is NOT a big “bang” like a bomb blast or exploding dynamite as many lay people might comprehend the term. Such a “bang” would yield disorder and destruction.  "This “bang” represents an immensely powerful yet carefully planned and controlled (carefully planned and controlled in the opinion of Ross and many others; completely random and just lucky in the opinion of atheists and agnostics) release of matter, energy, space, and time within the strict confines of very fine-tuned physical constants and laws which govern their behavior and interactions.4 ... The extreme fine-tuning of the big bang parameters that are necessary for physical life to be possible in the universe exceeds by many orders of magnitude the design capabilities of human beings.”

Just one of many examples of the extreme fine tuning of the big bang parameters is the precise rate of expansion of the universe.  If the rate of expansion was a tiny fraction slower, the universe would have collapsed long ago.  If the rate was a tiny fraction faster, there could be no coalescing and accretion of matter (the process in which matter under the influence of gravity is attracted to and increases the mass of a celestial body) to allow the formation of stars and planets.

This graphic shows a timeline of the universe based on the Big Bang theory and inflation models.
Credit: NASA/WMAP

There are many evidences of the big bang and of the fine tuning of the universe. Do they all point to a Creator? In the minds of many, yes. Of course others are not convinced and think we’re all just incredibly lucky (that several parameters turned out just right in this one universe or that there are many universes and we’re just lucky to live in the one that had the right conditions). In the coming weeks, we’ll continue to discuss scientific evidence for a Creator, including the incredible fine tuning of the universe and our solar system. In the meantime, please feel free to comment. Thanks! 

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